Founding The Beliefs Of Man: “communication is sacred”

“Imagine a World Without Free Knowledge” – Wikipedia

For over a decade, we have spent millions of hours building the largest encyclopedia in human history. Right now, the U.S. Congress is considering legislation that could fatally damage the free and open Internet. For 24 hours, to raise awareness, we are blacking out Wikipedia.

That was Wikipedia’s site message last 18 January 2012.

Keep in mind the First Thirteen Principles of Cockfighting From All Over The World.

“Dear LIBERTY ACTIVISTS: Legalize Liberty. Stop Oppression. Vote Choice. Be Secular. Download All Photos For The Next Generations.” – Gameness til the End / freethinker

Now, let us read more below about these men who were credited with founding a recognized religion:

  • Ancient (before AD 500)
  • Medieval to Early Modern (500–1800 AD)
  • New religious movements (post-1800)

Last 5 January 2012, Kopimism was accepted by Sweden as a legitimate religion. The religion’s association with illegal file sharing has been said not to be a sign that illegal file-sharing will be excused from Sweden’s zero-tolerance approach to the matter.

Tenets of Kopimism

The followers of the religion are called Kopimists from copy me. A “Kopimist” or “Kopimist intellectual” is a person who has the philosophical belief that all information should be freely distributed and unrestricted. This philosophy opposes the monopolization of knowledge in all its forms, such as copyright, and encourages piracy of all types of media including music, movies, TV shows, and software.

According to the church, “In our belief, communication is sacred.” No belief in gods or supernatural phenomena is mentioned on their web site. CTRL+C and CTRL+V, the computer shortcut keys for “Copy” and “Paste,” are considered sacred symbols.

Kopimism made simple:

  • All knowledge to all;
  • The search for knowledge is sacred;
  • The circulation of knowledge is sacred;
  • The act of copying is sacred.

According to the Kopimist constitution:

  • Copying of information is ethically right;
  • Dissemination of information is ethically right;
  • Copymixing is a sacred kind of copying, moreso than the perfect, digital copying, because it expands and enhances the existing wealth of information;
  • Copying or remixing information communicated by another person is seen as an act of respect and a strong expression of acceptance and Kopimistic faith;
  • The Internet is holy;
  • Code is law.

First wedding of Kopimism

On April 28th, 2012, the Missionary Church of Kopimism held their first wedding. The wedding took place in Belgrade, Serbia, between a Romanian woman and an Italian man. The holy ceremony was conducted by a man wearing a Guy Fawkes mask whose voice was distorted by a voice modulator.

The church said, “We are very happy today. Love is all about sharing. A married couple share everything with each other. Hopefully, they will copy and remix some DNA-cells and create a new human being. That is the spirit of Kopimism. Feel the love and share that information. Copy all of its holiness.

The missionary leader of the Church of Kopimism, Isak Gerson, attended as a witness during the wedding.


This article lists historical figures credited with founding religions or religious philosophies or people who first codified older known religious traditions. It also lists those who have founded a specific major denomination within a larger religion.

In many cases, one can regard a religion as a continuous tradition extending to prehistoric times without a specific founder (Vedic Religion precursor of Hinduism, folk religion, animism), or with legendary founding-figures whose historicity cannot be established (such as Abraham, Lord Rishabha). This notwithstanding, the various historical denominations of such religions will still have founders, such as St. Peter and St. Paul (who formed what is now known as Pauline Christianity), Nestorius (who codified Nestorianism), or Martin Luther (who taught Lutheranism) – all exemplifying denominations of Christianity. Religion often develops by means of schism and reform (motivated by theological speculation), and it becomes a matter of subjective judgement at what point such a schism or reform assumes the quality of a “foundation” of a new religion.

Chronologically, foundations of religious traditions may sub-divide into:

  1. the Axial Age, with the earliest known major founding figures such as ZoroasterConfucius, and Buddha.
  2. Hellenism to Late Antiquity, with foundations of classical religious traditions and schools such as various sects of Early ChristianityStoicismGnosticism.
  3. the medieval to early modern period, with the rise of Islam, classical (Puranic) Hinduism, the Bhakti movementZen Buddhism, and the Protestant Reformation.
  4. new religious movements, since ca. 1800.

Ancient (before AD 500)

Name Religious tradition founded Life of founder
Naram-Sin of Akkad first known ruler to impose an imperial cult 22nd century BC (short chronology)
Ur-Nammu built the Ziggurat of Ur to Nanna 21st century BC (short chronology)
Abraham Blood-right of inheritance for JudaismChristianityIslam, and more recently Baha’i approx. 2000 – 1800 BC
Akhenaten Atenism 14th century BC (conventional Egyptian chronology)
Moses JudaismSamaritanism approx. 12 century BC
Various Rishis composed the hymns of the Rigveda foundational to historical Vedic religion second half of 2nd millennium BC
Solomon Israelite king who built the first Temple in Jerusalem. 10th century BC (For Solomon’s historicity, see Solomon#Historical figure)
Parshva The penultimate (23rd) Tirthankara in Jainism 877–777 BCE
Zoroaster composed the gathas foundational to Zoroastrianism c. 11th to 9th c. BC
Numa Pompilius Roman king who codified and organized the Roman religion 717 BC – 673 BC
Laozi Taoism 6th c. BC
Nebuchadnezzar II built the Etemenanki, established Marduk as the patron deity of Babylon 6th c. BC
Mahavira The final Tirthankara in Jainism 599–527 BCE
Siddhārtha Gautama Buddha Buddhism ca. 5th c. BC
Confucius Confucianism 551 BC – 479 BC
Pythagoras Pythagoreanism fl. 520 BC
Mozi Mohism 470 BC – 390 BC
Ezra HaSofer established Second Temple Judaism
fl. 459 BC
Epicurus Epicureanism fl. 307 BC
Zeno of Citium Stoicism 333 BC – 264 BC
Patanjali Raja Yoga (part of Hinduism) 2nd century BC
Jesus Christianity ca. 5 – 4BC – ca. 33 AD
Paul the Apostle and Saint Peter Pauline Christianity 1st century
James the Just Jewish Christianity 1st century
Judah haNasi Talmudic Rabbinical Judaism 2nd century AD
Nagarjuna Madhyamaka 150–250
Plotinus Neoplatonism 205–270
Marcion of Sinope Marcionism 110–160
Mani Manichaeism 210–276
Arius Arianism 250–336
Pelagius Pelagianism 354–430
Nestorius Nestorianism 386–451
Eutyches Monophysitism 380–456

Medieval to Early Modern (500–1800 AD)

Name Religious tradition founded Life of founder
Mazdak Mazdakism 520s
Bodhidharma (Tamil Nadu, in South India) Zen Buddhism 6th century
Muhammad Islam early 7th century
Songtsän Gampo Tibetan Buddhism 7th century
En no Ozuno Shugendō late 7th century
Huineng Zen Buddhism in China and East Asia 638–713
Padmasambhava Nyingma 8th century
Han Yu Neo-Confucianism 8th or 9th century
Saichō Tendai Buddhism (descended from Tiantai) 767?–822
Kūkai Shingon Buddhism 774–835
Adi Shankara Advaita Vedanta 9th century
Hamza ibn-‘Ali ibn-Ahmad Druze 11th century
Basava Lingayatism 12th century
Hōnen Jōdo Buddhism (descended from Pure Land Buddhism) 1131–1212
Eisai Rinzai Zen Buddhism (descended from Linji) 1141–1215
Shinran Jōdo Shinshū Buddhism (descended from Jōdo) 1173–1263
Dōgen Sōtō Zen Buddhism (descended from Caodong) 1200–1253
Nichiren Nichiren Buddhism 1222–1282
Madhvacharya Dvaita 1238–1317
Sant Mat (group of saints) Bhakti movement (of Hinduism) 13th to 15th centuries
John Wyclif Lollardy 1320s – 1384
Jan Hus Hussitism 1372–1415
Ramananda Sant Mat Vaishnavism 15th century
Srimanta Sankardeva Mahapuruxiya Dharma 1449–1568
Guru Nanak Dev Sikhism 1469–1539
Baba Sri Chand Udasi 1494–1629
Vallabha Acharya Shuddhadvaita 1479–1531
Martin Luther Lutheranism and Protestantism in general. 1483–1546
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Gaudiya VaishnavismAchintya Bheda Abheda 1486–1534
Menno Simons Mennonite 1496–1561
Conrad Grebel Swiss BrethrenAnabaptism 1498–1526
John Calvin
Calvinism 1509–1564
Michael Servetus
Unitarianism 1511? – 1553
John Knox
Presbyterianism 1510–1572
Akbar the Great Din-i-Ilahi 1542–1605
Jacob Arminius Arminianism 1560–1609
John Smyth
Baptists 1570–1612
Russian Orthodox Old Believers 1620–1682
George Fox
Religious Society of Friends 1624–1691
Philipp Jakob Spener
Pietism 1635–1705
Jakob Ammann Amish 1656–1730
Baal Shem Tov
Hasidic Judaism 1698–1760
John Wesley
Methodism 1703–1791
Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab Wahhabism 1703–1792
Ann Lee
Shakers 1736–1784

New religious movements (post-1800)

Further information: list of new religious movements
Name Religious tradition founded Life of founder
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Brahmo Samaj 1772–1833
Swaminarayan Swaminarayan Sampraday 1781–1830
Auguste Comte Religion of Humanity 1798–1857
Nakayama Miki Tenrikyo 1798–1887
Ignaz von Döllinger Old Catholics 1799–1890
Phineas Parkhurst Quimby New Thought 1802–1866
Allan Kardec Spiritism 1804–1869
Joseph Smith, Jr. Mormonism, also known as the Latter Day Saint movement 1805–1844
John Thomas Christadelphians 1805–1871
Jamgon Kongtrul Rime movement 1813–1899
Hong Xiuquan Taiping Christianity 1814–1864
Bahá’í Faith 1817–1892
Báb Bábí Faith, predecessor of Bahá’í Faith 1819–1850
James Springer White Seventh-day Adventist Church 1821–1881
Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science 1821–1910
Rabbi Alfred G. Moses Jewish Science
Vallalar Samarasa Sutha Sanmarga Sangam 1823–1874
Swami Dayananda Saraswati Arya Samaj 1824–1883
Ellen G. White
Seventh-day Adventist Church 1827–1915
Madame Blavatsky Theosophy 1831–1891
Ayya Vaikundar Ayyavazhi 1833–1851
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Ahmadiyya 1835–1908
Guido von List Armanism (Germanic mysticism) 1848–1919
Charles Taze Russell
Bible Student Movement and Jehovah’s Witnesses 1852–1916
Wovoka Ghost Dance 1856–1932
Rudolf Steiner Anthroposophy 1861–1925
Swami Vivekananda Ramakrishna Mission 1863–1902
William Irvine
Two by Twos and Cooneyites 1863–1947
Sri Aurobindo Integral yoga 1872–1950
Mason Remey Orthodox Baha’i Faith 1874–1974
Aleister Crowley Thelema 1875–1947
Charles Fox Parham Pentecostalism 1873–1929
Father Divine International Peace Mission movement ca. 1876–1965
Ngô Văn Chiêu Cao Dai 1878–1926
Guy Ballard I AM 1878–1939
Frank Buchman Oxford Group/Moral Re-Armament 1878–1961
Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan Reconstructionist Judaism 1881–1983
Gerald Gardner Wicca 1884–1964
Felix Y. Manalo Iglesia Ni Cristo (Church of Christ) 1886–1963
Frank Bruce Robinson Psychiana 1886–1948
Noble Drew Ali Moorish Science Temple 1886–1929
Marcus Garvey Rastafari movement 1887–1940
Ernest Holmes Religious Science 1887–1960
H.H. Sadguru Sadafaldeo Ji Maharaj Vihangam Yoga 1888–1902
Aimee Semple McPherson
Foursquare Church 1890–1944
Zélio Fernandino de Moraes
Umbanda 1891–1975
Ida B. Robinson Mount Sinai Holy Church of America 1891–1946
Wallace Fard Muhammad Nation of Islam 1891 – (disappeared 1934)
Paramahansa Yogananda Self-Realization Fellowship 1893–1952
A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada International Society for Krishna Consciousness 1896–1977
Ruth Norman Unarius 1900–1993
Swami Muktananda Siddha Yoga 1908–1982
Ikuro Teshima Makuya 1910–1973
L. Ron Hubbard Church of Scientology 1911–1986
Kim Il-sung Juche
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Transcendental Meditation 1917–2008
Samael Aun Weor Universal Christian Gnostic Movement 1917–1977
Mark L. Prophet The Summit Lighthouse 1918–1973
Huynh Phu So Hoa Hao Buddhism 1919–1947
Yong (Sun) Myung Moon
Unification Church 1920 – 2012
Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar Ananda Marga 1921–1990
Clarence 13X The Nation of Gods and Earths 1922–1969
Mestre Gabriel União do Vegetal 1922–1971
Nirmala Srivastava Sahaja Yoga 1923–2011
Sveinbjörn Beinteinsson Ásatrú 1924–1993
Sathya Sai Baba Sathya Sai Organization 1926–2011
Anton Szandor LaVey Church of Satan 1930–1997
Sri Chinmoy
Sri Chinmoy Centre Church, Inc. 1931–2007
Rajneesh Chandra Mohan
Osho movement 1931–1990
Mark ProphetElizabeth Clare (Wolf) Prophet
Church Universal and Triumphant 1918-1973 1939–2009
Franklin Jones Adidam 1939–2008
Claude Vorilhon Raëlism 1946–
Li Hongzhi Falun Gong 1951–
Bodhisatva Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Revival of Buddhism 1956-
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
Art of Living Foundation 1956–
Vissarion Church of the Last Testament 1961–
Tamara Siuda Kemetic Orthodoxy 1969–
Ben Klassen Creativity 1918–1993
Ryuho Okawa Happy Science 1956-
Isak Gerson Kopimism 1993-

See also